Home > News

Garbage truck:How to do the Basic Maintenance on Your Garbage Truck?

Garbage truck:How to do the Basic Maintenance on Your Garbage Truck?
如何对你的垃圾车作最基本的保养

Many people know that keep proper maintenance to the trucks that can save a lot of money,especially in the long run which the downtime cost for any major repairs or service which could cost you even more.So, if you can keep good maintenance to your truck,it saves money. Here we take some views about the keypoints of an old driver and what he said.
很多朋友知道对卡车好的保养能够省一大笔钱,特别是针对长途国产中卡车的抛锚带来的直接损失。因此,保养好你的车也就是省了钱。这里我们看看一位老司机的观点,看看他怎么说。

The solid waste industry is extremely demanding and the garbage collection trucks which operate within this industry face severe working conditions on a daily basis which can wreak havoc on these trucks. Keeping trash trucks on their routes requires regular routine maintenance which can be both time consuming and costly, however, the alterative scenario of an out of commission truck is even more costly.

工业固体废弃物的收集和处理是垃圾车每天要面对的恶例工作环境,这些会给这些垃圾车致命的破坏。对这些垃圾车的常规维护保养是需要金钱和时间的,然而,对于雇佣一些垃圾车会有更加高的成本。

Time is Money 时间就是金钱

Regular truck maintenance is the single biggest preventer of unscheduled downtime for sanitation trucks. In an industry where unscheduled downtime can create a whole host of problems with missed route stops and unhappy customers, it is vital that you spend the time to maintain your trucks or you may encounter a number of costly problems in the long run. A well run preventative maintenance program will actually keep your overall maintenance costs down.

常规的卡车维护是环卫车不定时罢工的唯一的也是最大的预防方案。在行业中,不定时的罢工能够带来一些列的问题包括在坏在道路中间和遇到不愉快的客户。花费时间来维护您的车辆是很重要的,否则在路上你就会遇到一系列棘手的问题。一个好的预防性的维护工程会降低你的总的维护成本。

A good program starts with regular routine maintenance and how often that should be performed really depends on a number of factors.

一个好的常规的保养以及多久进行一次取决于很多因素。

Drive Train Maintenance 驱动牵引头的维护

The drive train of a garbage truck is no different than any other large commercial truck, with an engine, transmission and suspension. Perform routine maintenance procedures as you would with any other similar vehicle. Drivers should be instructed to regularly check the oil, coolant and other fluid levels. Provide a checklist of maintenance items for each truck and make sure it's completed and filled out regularly by whoever is operating the truck at any given time. All too frequently with large operations, drivers will assume someone else has already done this. If everyone assumes someone else is doing the preventive maintenance, then it's not getting done.

垃圾车驱动牵引头跟其他大的商业卡车没有区别,基本由发动机,变速器,和悬挂大梁组成。跟其他同类型的车辆一样在进行常规维护时,司机应该进行常规的检查油,冷却液,和其他液态物标准量。为每一个车辆提供一个维护清单以确保在需要的时间让每一个卡车驾驶员能够正规的填写。所有的大的操作,司机们确保有人来执行操作。如果每个人都能够确保做了这些预防性的维护,那么那些就不会发生。

Make sure tire pressures are checked every day before trucks go onto their routes. Tires are one of the most critical elements of a refuse truck carrying very heavy loads and must be maintained within proper operating parameters. It's highly advised to have drivers do a “walk around” their vehicle every day before even getting into the cab and starting the engine- always check the tires, fluids, fuel and lights.

每天在车辆上路前检查轮胎的胎压。轮胎是垃圾车的很重要的一个检查项目,因为每天要承载很重的货物,因袭需要正确的维护。强烈建议司机们每天在出车前例行检查轮胎,燃料,灯光和其他液体。

The task of keeping a garbage truck in good shape starts with the driver. Drivers should perform daily inspections and perform minor tasks such as cleaning behind the packer blade which will help in prolonging the service life of a truck. An incentive program should be in place for drivers to keep their trucks clean and in good running condition.

保证垃圾车在正常的运行状态首先要从司机入手。司机们应该每天检查和维护像清洗工作以延长车辆使用寿命。

Hydraulic System Maintenance 液压系统的维护

The hydraulic system on refuse trucks includes the pump, hydraulic fluid filter, high-pressure hoses and cylinders. Make sure to inspect and replace the hydraulic fluid filter regularly which is enclosed in a removable housing. The filter helps prevent the hydraulic fluid in the system from being contaminated by foreign materials. We recommend as general practice you replace your hydraulic fluid when you perform a filter change. Ensure to periodically inspect the fittings connecting the segments of hydraulic tubing and hoses throughout the hydraulic system as well as for any damaged lines.  Leaks anywhere in the system will result in lower hydraulic pressure which provides less power to operate the hydraulically actuated functions of the truck.

垃圾车上的液压系统包括泵,液压过滤器,高压管和气缸。确保常规的检查和替换液压过滤器,它位于那个封闭的可移动的空间里。过滤器用来组织液压油掺杂外部杂质。我们推荐你再更换过滤的时候也缓一下液压油。确保定期的检查通过液压系统连接液压油的油管和软管滤嘴,也包括任何管线的损坏。液压系统液压油的任何的泄露都会导致液压压力的减退以至于作用于货车上的液压压力的降低。

The heart of the system is the hydraulic pump which is powered electronically from the refuse truck engine’s electrical system. A pressure test meter can be connected to the pump to ensure it is operating correctly. Also, just like with the engine oil, periodically check the hydraulic fluid reservoir. Check the color of the fluid for any contamination and make sure there is enough fluid without overfilling. Hydraulic systems work best when all of the individual components are performing at their optimum.

这个系统的核心就是液压泵,从这台垃圾车的发动机引擎的电控系统获取动力。压力仪能够连接到泵以保证能正确的操作。同样,跟引擎油一样,需要定期的检测液压油箱。检查液压油的颜色并且确信液压油的量够多但不要溢出来。当所有的单元部分优化的够好,液压系统也就能够达到最佳状态。

Compactor Body Maintenance 压缩部件的保养

The compactor body is the main feature that distinguishes a garbage truck from any other truck allowing it the ability to pick up and transport large amounts of waste materials. The garbage compactor body requires many moving parts to perform its function making it necessary to frequently check that all lubrication points are adequately greased and oiled. Any squeaking or other irregular sounds can indicate metal-on-metal parts are not properly lubricated which will result in premature damage.

压缩部分是一台垃圾车区别于其他卡车的显著特征,这个特征也就赋予它能够装载并且运输大量的废弃物。垃圾车要求有很多活动的部件来起作用这就要求经常的检查需要润滑的地方是滑溜的。任何的吱吱叫或者不规则的响声意味着金属件之间不够润滑,会导致提早被损坏。

Checking regularly for any cracking or fatigue of metal components on the compactor body is recommended. Regular heavy use without adequate maintenance can lead to weakening of moving parts and in turn incapacitating the truck. The rigorous nature of how refuse trucks are operated can quickly lead to stresses on components. Welding or other temporary repairs can extend the life of these parts, but the best maintenance is to operate the compactor body within the manufacturer’s guidelines.

强烈建议对压缩部分的任何开裂或者易损金属件作常规检查。经常的重负荷的使用而得不到适度的维护就会减弱活动部分的活动能力,相同降低卡车的作业效率。对垃圾车操作的越是频繁就会加剧各部件的磨损。焊接或者其他临时的修补会增加这些部件的使用寿命,但是最好的保养是在厂家的指导下操作。

Key Takeaways

The best maintenance for your garbage truck begins with a top down approach targeted at regular preventative maintenance. Incentivize drivers and mechanics to keep trucks in good operating condition and limit the amount of downtime caused by major repairs or service.

最好的维护是为你的垃圾车做一个全面的正规的预见性的保养。激励司机和技术工人使车辆处于一个良好的状态,这样才能降低汽车抛锚的次数。


更多的关于垃圾车的介绍和说明,或者车型介绍 请参考:http://www.runtrucks.cn/


Ph : 0086 188 72992009(whatsapp)
Email: sales@runtrucks.cn
 
 

CONTACT US

Contact: BENNY

Phone: 0086 18872992009

Tel: 0086 722-7113456

Fax: 0086 722-7113456

Email: sales@cl-spv.com

Add: Address:Chengli Ind. Zone, Zengdu Dist., Suizhou, Hubei, China